Amnesty International welcomes the historic passage of the law enabling the legal termination of pregnancy up to the 14th week of gestation in Argentina, an achievement that serves as an inspiration to other countries in the region and around the world to move towards recognizing access to safe, legal abortion and thus realize the human rights of women, girls and people with reproductive capacity.
“This is a victory for the women’s movement in Argentina, which has been fighting for its rights for decades. Now, people who decide to terminate their pregnancy will have a safe, high-quality service. Today we have grown as a society. Amnesty International is going to work to ensure that the state guarantees compliance with legal abortion throughout the country,” said Mariela Belski, executive director of Amnesty International Argentina.
The bill was passed with 38 votes in favour, 29 against and 1 abstentions in the Senate, with support from multiple parties across the political spectrum. The law recognizes the right of women and people with reproductive capacity to take free and informed decisions about their bodies and enables the Argentine state to move towards meeting its commitments in the areas of public health and human rights.
“Today Argentina has made an emblematic step forward in defending the rights of women, girls and people with reproductive capacity. It has also sent a strong message of hope to our entire continent: that we can change course against the criminalization of abortion and against clandestine abortions, which pose serious risks to the health and lives of millions of people. Both the law passed by the Argentine Congress today and the enormous effort of the women’s movement to achieve this are an inspiration to the Americas, and to the world,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International.
Key points of the new law
- Abortion is freely available until the 14th week of pregnancy.
- After that time, abortion is legal in case of danger to the life or health of the pregnant woman or in cases of rape.
- Terminations can be accessed through either the public or private health system, no more than 10 days after a request.
- People aged 16 or over have full capacity to give their own consent; girls aged 13 to 16 are presumed to have sufficient ability and maturity to decide on the practice and give due consent unless a procedure involving serious risk to their health or life is to be used (as set out in Article 26 of the National Civil and Commercial Code).
- Healthcare workers must provide dignified treatment, guarantee the privacy and confidentiality of information, and respect autonomy of will.
- Any public official or health worker who delays, obstructs or refuses to perform an abortion in legally authorized cases may be criminally sanctioned and disqualified from practise.
All that remains is for the law to be published in the Official Gazette. This historic decision places Argentina among a group of more than 50 countries that have put an end to unsafe abortions.