What is LGBTI?
LGBTI stand for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex.
All over the world, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered and intersex (LGBTI) people suffer fromdiscrimination and persecution, simply for being who they are. Amnesty International campaigns against identity-based discrimination, whether it is based on race, ethnic origin, gender, sexual identity or sexual orientation. In the local context, Hong Kong currently has no legislation against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression. The LGBTI community in Hong Kong faces discrimination in housing, job benefits and immigration.
Under the protection of international human rights laws, LGBTI people enjoy the same human rights as any other persons. However, the sad fact is they are often subject to human rights abuses, such as violence and abuses, simply by virtue of their different sexual orientation or gender identity. Across the globe, LGBTI people face numerous unjust violations, such as being evicted from their homes, fired and denied healthcare.
LGBTI Rights in Hong Kong
Hong Kong has no legislation against discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics at this moment. This exposes LGBTI people to numerous discriminatory situations and hence human rights abuses, such as being fired by virtue of their sexual orientation, gender identity or intersex status and non-provision of social welfare. On the other hand, since both marriage and civic union are absent in Hong Kong, other related rights are denied t LGBTI people as an implication. These include failure to apply for public housing and decide for their partner’s organ donation, denial of right to visit and non-provision of civil service welfare.
What is LGBTI anti-discrimination law?
There are currently four anti-discrimination ordinances in Hong Kong – Sex Discrimination Ordinance, Disability Discrimination Ordinance, Family Status Discrimination Ordinance and Race Discrimination Ordinance. A discrimination ordinance against discrimination directed at LGBTI people is yet to be legislated. Such an ordinance will make sure that LGBTI people would not be discriminated against in places such as workplace and school. More importantly, it ensures that LGBTI people who face discrimination have access to legal redresses. It allows them to seek remedies and speak against perpetuators.
The work of Amnesty International Hong Kong
We strive to ensure that no one will be subject to human rights abuses on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and variation of sex characteristics, including but not limited to social, economic and cultural rights such as social security, housing and healthcare. Meanwhile, we also support anti-discrimination laws on grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex status. Our work includes:
- Articles to educate the public
- Studying government policies and make relevant responses
- Holding of LGBTI group meetings, in which we communicate and cooperate with other civil societies and the public
- Educate our own members with LGBTI knowledge
AIHK LGBTI Group
Internationally, Amnesty International Hong Kong LGBTI group works to publicise and campaign on behalf of cases of human rights abuses committed on the grounds of actual or perceived sexual identity. Locally, the group campaigns for anti-discrimination legislation to be introduced to outlaw discrimination on the grounds of sexual identity / orientation/ expression. Gatherings and meetings are held regularly.